Installing Fixpaks Without Diskettes

By: Walter Metcalf
Date: 07/01/98

Updated: 11/02/98

This week I'm going to show you how to install Fixpak 7 to Warp 4 without the use of diskettes and without the use of special software. These techniques will apply equally well to all fixpaks hereafter.

(Before you go any further, please make sure at least Java 1.1.4 has been installed before you go any further. Installing Java 1.1.4 after you have applied Fixpak 7 will cause some of the Fixpak 7 files to be replaced with obsolete versions.)

This technique uses the same files used to apply fixpaks via Netscape and Webexplorer. If you have ever applied a fixpak using Netscape you know that the installation program, Rsuinst, first downloads the fixpak files and then proceeds to install them using some special software. In the procedure we skip Rsuinst and the automatic download, and initiate this special software directly. This procedure has many advantages:

  1. We can finally and permanently dispense with the dreaded diskettes previously used to install fixpaks! Diskettes are slow to create, slow to read, and using them is tedious and error-prone. (Did you ever notice how floppy drives seem to get slower as our computers get faster?)

  2. This method is sooo much faster. Once you've downloaded the files and read over the documentation, the entire process takes about 15 minutes. If you've never done it without using diskettes before, you simply won't believe the difference!

  3. We are free to use our favourite means of downloading fixpaks, instead of being forced to rely on Netscape to download the files sequentially. My preference is to start 5 or 6 tasks, using FTPBrowser, each task downloading a few of the files. It is not only faster using this method, but it is much easier to recover in the event of an Internet problem.

  4. This method makes it easier to store a fixpak on your hard drive or on tape for re-installation or application to another system.

  5. This method doesn't require building or editting easy-to-lose response files.

  6. No special proprietary or shareware software is required.

Now let's look at the procedure itself. First make sure you downloaded the RSU version of Fixpak 7 on, or later than, July 1, 1998. This is very important, since IBM had several problems getting the RSU version of Fixpak 7 released correctly. If you want to verify that the files you downloaded are the most recent, here's how: the dates of of files and must be June 29 and the date of must be June 30. The WarpCast article dated July 2 is misleading in that it states that the IBM changed the RSU installation files, but it fails to note that xr_m007f and xr_m007g have also been changed. For fixpaks later than 7 (or 37 for Warp 3) you must download separately.)

Provided the updated versions ofall the files mentioned in the previous paragraph have all been downloaded, you should have none of the problems with the RSU files mentioned in any of the WarpCast articles. I successfully installed the fixpak at least 3 times without a hitch. If you run into any problems, please let me know.

Once you have all the files on your harddrive here is the procedure:

  1. Make a new directory, FIXPAK, in the root directory of a drive with at least 20-30 MB of free space. Make another directory, OS2SERV, in the root directory of the same drive.

  2. Unpack all the fixpak files (i.e. the ones beginning with 'xr') into FIXPAK. You can do this using a single command. Open an OS/2 command line. I strongly recommend a full-screen. Switch to drive and directory x:\fixpak . Then execute the single command:
    "unzip -o x:\download\xr_m007?.zip"

    where x:\download is the fully-specified directory containing the downloaded files.

  3. Unpack the file (dated June 30, 1998) into the directory OS2SERV created in step 1. (Make sure your de-archive procedure preserves directory paths.)

  4. Open an OS/2 command line (I recommend using a window here instead of a full-screen), and go to the directory x:\OS2SERV where x: is the drive containing your expanded fixpak files.

  5. Execute the following command: "os2serv x:\os2serv\csf x:\fixpak [d:]."

    In the above command the third parameter is optional; if present it represents the drive to which you wish to apply the fixpak. For example if you have your main system on D: and a maintenance partition on E:, then specifying "os2serv x:\os2serv\csf x:\fixpak d:" will force the installation program to ignore your maintenance partition. (Note that the subdirectory name 'csf' cannot be changed.)

That's about all there is to it! Here are a few comments about the above procedure:

  1. As you've probably guessed by now, Os2serv is the installation program called when you apply fixpaks using Netscape or Webexplorer.

  2. It's possible to use any directory names in place of "os2serv" and "rsu" and they don't have been the root directory either. However the Os2serv program is very fussy about how the directory trees are constructed and how the directories are specified in its parameters. The directory specification is not obvious, and on top of that some of IBM's documentation is incorrect! So I chose to present the directory as fixed for the sake of simplicity. If you do decide to customize the directory layout, for your sake please make sure your layout exactly corresponds what I have specified here.

  3. This is a screen shot of OS2SERV:

    1. Checking 'Advanced' will cause Os2serv to start FService, which we have all come to know and love as the previous diskette-based GUI fixpak installation program. (In this case it will accept the files on the hard drive.) You might do this if you wished to specify the exact directory for the archive files or if you wish to save the archive files in a backup directory. Since the standard procedure allows you to specify the drive on which to place the archive files you probably won't need to do this very often.

    2. Clicking 'Install' starts the fixpak application procedure. I have specified "D:" as the third parameter of the os2serv command line, and as a result only the system on D: appears in the "serviceable products" window. If I had left the "D:" off, both the system on D: and my maintenance partition on E: would have appeared in the window. Specifying the third parameter makes the setup significantly faster because if you don't, Os2serv has to search all your hard drive (and CDROM) space for possible OS/2 systems.

    3. Clicking 'Uninstall' is equivalent to selecting 'Back out' on the old Service and FService programs: it removes the fixpak from your system.

    4. "View Readme" and "View Log" allow you to examine the Readme file accompanying the fixpak and the installation log in 'x:\os2\install' respectively.

OS/2 fixpaks have become a fact of life. I hope this article will reduce your frustration in having to deal with them and save you time both now and in the future.

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